Teeth Whitening: All You Need to Know

What Is It?

Tooth lightening lightens teeth and assists to remove spots and staining. Lightening is amongst the most popular cosmetic oral treatments because it can significantly enhance how your teeth look. The majority of dental professionals carry out tooth bleaching.

Whitening is not a one-time procedure. It will have to be repeated from time to time if you wish to preserve the better color.


What exactly It's Used For

The external layer of a tooth is called the enamel. The color of natural teeth is produced by the reflection and scattering of light off the enamel, combined with the color of the dentin under it. Your genes impact the density and smoothness of the enamel. Thinner enamel permits more of the color of the dentin to reveal through. Having smoother or rougher enamel also affects the reflection of light and therefore the color.

Every day, a thin finish (pellicle) forms on the enamel and gets discolorations. Tooth enamel likewise consists of pores that can hold discolorations.

The most common factors for teeth to obtain yellow or stained are:

– Working with tobacco

– Drinking dark-colored liquids such as coffee, soda pop, tea and red wine

– Not taking good care of your teeth

Aging makes teeth less intense as the enamel gets thinner and the dentin ends up being darker.

It is also possible to have discolorations inside the tooth. These are called intrinsic discolorations. For example, intrinsic discolorations can be triggered by direct exposure to excessive fluoride as a child while teeth are developing. Other causes include tetracycline prescription antibiotics. They can stain a child's teeth if taken by a mom throughout the second half of pregnancy or by a child who is 8 years of ages or more youthful. Teeth are still establishing during these years. Injury might also darken a tooth.

Tooth whitening is most reliable on surface (extrinsic) spots.


Other oral problems can impact the effectiveness of tooth whitening. For example, cavities need to be dealt with prior to teeth are whitened. That's since the lightening service can travel through rotted areas and reach the inner parts of the tooth. If your gums have actually receded, the exposed roots of your teeth might appear yellow or blemished. Lightening products will not make them whiter.

If you have dental caries or receding gums, lightening might make your teeth delicate. Lightening also does not work on ceramic or porcelain crowns or veneers.

Lightening can be performed in the dental workplace or at home. For in-office whitening, your dental practitioner probably will photo your teeth initially. This step will assist him or her to keep track of the progress of the treatment. Your dental practitioner likewise will analyze your teeth and ask you concerns to find out what triggered the staining.

Next, the dentist or an oral hygienist will clean your teeth. This will eliminate the film of bacteria, food and other substances that develop on your teeth and contribute to the staining. When this is done, the bleaching treatment starts.

For whitening in the house, your dental practitioner can make trays to hold the whitening gel that fit your teeth exactly. House lightening gel generally needs to be applied daily for two to three weeks. Over the counter kits also are widely readily available for home usage. They provide trays to hold the gel, or bleaching strips that stick to your teeth. Speak to your dental expert if you wish to utilize these home items. Be sure to follow instructions to prevent overuse and possible harm to your teeth and mouth.

How It's Performed

There are 2 main types of bleaching procedures. Vital lightening is performed on teeth that have live nerves. Non-vital whitening is done on a tooth that has had root-canal treatment and no longer has a live nerve.

Important Brightening

The most common kind of vital tooth bleaching uses a gel that is applied directly to the tooth surface area. This item consists of some form of hydrogen peroxide.

Tooth lightening can be done in the dental practitioner's workplace or at home. In-office whitening enables your dental practitioner to use a more effective whitening gel. A customized light or laser triggers the gel and allows bleaching to take place quicker.

In-office bleaching usually takes 30 to 90 minutes. You will need 1 to 3 visits. The number will rely on the method utilized, how extreme your spots are and how white you desire your teeth to be. Various types of discolorations react differently to the treatment.

Initially, your dental expert will use a compound that covers and safeguards the gums around the teeth. Then, the whitening representative will be placed on the teeth.

Some lightening agents are triggered by a laser light, unique lights or by the heat from these lights. After the whitening representative is applied, the dental expert will shine the light on your teeth. If they are badly stained, your dental practitioner might suggest that you continue the bleaching procedure at home for a couple of days or weeks.

For in-home lightening, your dentist will take impressions of your upper and lower teeth and will make custom mouthpieces to fit you. The mouthpiece needs to fit well. A close fit assists the whitening agent stay in contact with your teeth.

At home, you will fill each mouthpiece with a bleaching gel your dentist provides. You will wear the mouth piece for a number of hours every day. Many people achieve the amount of bleaching they desire within a week or two. However, you might need to use the mouth piece for 4 weeks or longer.

You also can purchase lightening products over-the-counter. They consist of a weaker bleaching representative than the products you can obtain from your dental professional. Therefore, lightening may take longer. The bleaching agent is applied as a gel placed in a mouth piece or as a strip that stays with your teeth. Over-the-counter mouthpieces fit less securely than the kind you obtain from your dentist.

Whitening tooth pastes are available also. They include abrasives that get rid of spots on the enamel.

Non-Vital Whitening

Crucial lightening may not improve the appearance of a tooth that has actually had root-canal treatment since the stain is coming from the inside of the tooth. If this holds true, your dental professional will use a different treatment that lightens the tooth from the within. He or she will put a lightening representative inside the tooth and put a momentary filling over it. The tooth will be left by doing this for numerous days. You might need this done just once, or it can be duplicated till the tooth reaches the wanted shade.


If you discover that your gums are white or sore, subsequent with your dental expert.

Lightening is not a permanent option. The spots will come back. If you smoke or consume a lot of staining foods or beverages, you might see the brightness start to fade in as low as one month. If you avoid these sources of staining, you might not need another lightening treatment for 6 to 12 months.

Re-whitening can be done in the dental expert's workplace or in the house. If you have a customized mouth piece and lightening representative at home, you can lighten your teeth as often as you have to. Discuss your whitening schedule with your dental practitioner. You can speak about what lightening products would work best for you.


Whitening is unlikely to trigger severe side effects, although some people's teeth may end up being more sensitive for a short while. You might get moderate gum irritation too. Ladies should not have their teeth lightened while pregnant. The result of the lightening products on the development of the fetus is not known. Considering that the treatment is cosmetic, it should be held off up until after shipment.

When To Phone a Professional

If you feel your teeth would benefit from whitening, contact ORMSBY DENTAL at 801-407-9956 to talk about the treatment.